OtherGround Forums 45 Strange Archaelogical Discoveries

Edited: 2/7/17 9:49 AM
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From this clickbait article: http://activly.com/25-strange-archaeological-discoveries/

45. The Roman and Byzantine Baby Sewers

Bath houses are nothing of note in Roman or Byzantine archaeology. What is unique is what was found in the sewers below. Baby bones, a great deal of them, were strewn through the sewers below the bath houses. This is not an unprecedented practice, but one that is surprising for Romans. Spartans were known to dispose of babies that they felt were too weak to grow to the strength that would be required in their warlike practices, but Romans were not included in that particular practice until recently. The exact reasons for the bones are still unclear, but it leads to a shocking revelation about the time period.
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44. Rosetta Stone

In 1799 a French soldier found what is now known as the Rosetta Stone in the sands of Egypt. It has become a household name, with language learning software, Rosetta Stone, naming itself after it. The stone is one of the most important artifacts to be found as it made it possible for us to understand Egyptian hieroglyphics. The larger stone was a decree issued by King Ptolemy V somewhere around 200 BC and was written in three languages. Egyptian hieroglyphics, Ancient Greek and Demotic Script.
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43. Rapa Nui

Better known as the Easter Islands, the location is so remote that it is just as shocking that humans were able to reach and settle the island as it is that they were able to construct the famous stone carvings around it. Little is known of the reason they were built or what the people on the island were like, but it is a well-preserved mystery that continues to this day.
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42. Piri Reis Map

Created sometime in the early 1500s, the Piri Reis Map, named after the cartographer that created it, is an amazingly accurate map of the coastlines of South America, Europe, and Africa. It seems that it was constructed using fragments from dozens of other maps.
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41. Dead Sea Scrolls

One of the most important biblical discoveries of all time arrived in the 1950s. With nearly a thousand pages of manuscripts written in Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic, the existence of additional documents to the Bible has been all but proven. It is estimated that the scrolls date back to around 700 years around the birth of Jesus Christ and reference highly symbolic or esoteric ideas.
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I'm all over this

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40. Mount Own Moa

Discovered in 1986, deep in the cave system of Mount Own in New Zealand, the huge claw looked as if it had been from an animal that had died recently. However, it turns out that it is an incredibly well-preserved claw of an Upland Moa, which was a prehistoric bird of great size.
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39. Sacsayhuaman

A true engineering marvel, the Sacsayhuaman is a walled complex outside of Cusco, Peru which used to be part of the Incan Empire and likely its capital. The walls aren't the most amazing part of the construction, though, it is how well the slabs that build the wall fit together. There is no room at all between each slab, which may be partly due to age and settling along with erosion, but that takes little away from the incredible engineering the Incan's were able to perform.
2/7/17 9:49 AM
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awesome, later
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38. Baghdad Battery

One of the most confusing and amazing discoveries in modern times is the Baghdad Battery. These batteries were built in a way that could actually create electricity. The battery is so famous that the Mythbusters attempted to recreate them. Their findings showed that 10 batteries put together would only create about 4.5 volts, which is nothing compared to modern batteries, but enough to make it plausible that these were used to power something.
2/7/17 9:51 AM
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37. Pompeii

In 79 AD the ancient Roman city of Pompeii was destroyed and buried by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The eruption was such a major event that it was chronicled in ancient historical documents, something that would have required a large enough impact to be noticed at a distance. In 1738, a military engineer with the Spanish army, Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre, found the remains of Herculaneum. Herculaneum was a nearby city that suffered a very similar fate. It took almost a decade after that discovery for Giuseppe Fiorelli to find Pompeii. Several artifacts were found that pointed to a sexual and erotic association. In addition, graffiti found on the city walls read "City of Sodom and Gomorrah," which lead many devout Christians to believe this proof of the story of the cities being struck down by God's fury.
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36. The Cave of Altamira

Looking at ancient cave paintings leads us to expect a certain type of image. Generally, these images are very basic at best, something you would expect a three-year-old to draw today. Upon the discovery of the paintings in the Altamaria by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola (though the story goes that his nine-year-old daughter pointed his attention to the ceiling where the paintings are found) the scientific community became heated. Many did not believe such detailed paintings were possible by pre-historic man, but dating methods lead to proof that these were paintings from the Paleolithic period which completely changed our views of how advanced the people of the time were.
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35. Knossos

Most know of the legend of the Minotaur's Labrinth, and Knossos seems to be the most likely home of where the legend started. Knossos was discovered in 1878 by Arthur Evans and Minos Kalokairinos and had several references to ancient Roman texts and coins. The illustrations of a raging bull at the entrance of the city lead to the belief that this is where the Minotaur's legend began.
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34. The Pilate Stone

Likely the most authentic proof of the existence of Pontius Pilate, the Pilate Stone was discovered in the Caesarea region of Judea. Pontius Pilate has a big role in the story of Jesus and throughout parts of the Bible, but before the stone was discovered it was something to be taken as faith. The stone appeared to be used as part of a staircase for an Ancient Roman theater. Dr. Antonio Frova and his team found the stone with an inscription that translates to something along the lines of "To the Divine Augusti [this] Tiberieum ... Pontius Pilate ... prefect of Judea ... has dedicated [this]." While it is difficult to prove many of the stories in the bible, the Pilate Stone is considered evidence of Pilate's existence.
2/7/17 9:58 AM
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33. Olduvai Gorge

One of the most important discoveries in history, the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania runs across steep ravines for nearly 30 miles. What makes the site so important is the age. At nearly 2 million years old, it shows evidence of human-like dwellers. Found on the site are tools, evolutionary evidence of the human race, and signs of scavenging. The scavenging shows animal bones with teeth marks rather than hunting weapons. There are also rock-art samples that lead to more evidence, making this one of the largest archaeological sites in the world.
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32. Hagar Qim

Another ancient discovery and one that was a shock to the world when discovered is the Hagar Qim, dated to 3600-3200 BC. This predates the oldest Egyptian pyramids by almost 1000 years by some accounts. The free-standing structures are part of the UNESCO heritage sites and predate Stonehenge, which is a much more famous discovery. In the early part of the 19th century, these structures were discovered. Vere Gordon Chide, a Professor of Prehistoric European Archaeology had this to say about the Hagar Qin; "I have been visiting the prehistoric ruins all-round the Mediterranean, from Mesopotamia to Egypt, Greece and Switzerland, but I have nowhere seen a place as old as this one."
Edited: 2/7/17 10:22 AM
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where is the rest

2/7/17 10:24 AM
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Enjoying this, looking forward to the rest
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31. Roman Dodecahedra

A discovery that is still a mystery to this day, the Roman Dodecahedrons confound archaeologists. There seems to be no evidence of what they were used for. Some say they were a tool for distance measuring while others expect they were decorations, possibly candle holders, but the one thing that is known is that they were not rare.

Found in Hungary, Germany, France and Wales, they were scattered across Europe and have been dated back to the 100 and 200 CE. The items are made with twelve flat sides, pentagonal each, and varying hole sizes on each face. The mystery remains to this day... maybe they were toys or dice? No one is sure yet, and may never be.
2/7/17 10:58 AM
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30. Stone Spears

While many discoveries on this list are fairly unknown, stone spears seem to be somewhat boring in comparison. That doesn't take away from their importance, though. The heads were found in South Africa and dated back to be almost 200,000 years old. When found, it completely changed the history of mankind as a hunter. Fire was discovered almost one million years ago, so this shows that man has been cooking for much longer than we ever expected.