Member Since: 7/10/09
Is this timeline incorrect? It appears the major hostilities began after the UN resolution.
Nov. 29, 1947
UN Partition Resolution (GA 181) - Palestine was to be divided into a Jewish State and an Arab State; Jerusalem was to be internationalized. The resolution is supported by both the US and USSR. Arab countries and Arab league refuse to recognize the resolution. Detailed Map: UN Palestine Partition Plan Map - 1947
Dec. 1-3, 1947 Arab riots in Jerusalem. Beginning of Arab blockade of Jerusalem. The period to May 15, 1948 was characterized by numerous skirmishes, road ambushes, riots, bombings and massacres, whether organized by one of the other sides or spontaneous
Dec. 3 Irgun burns Rex movie theater in Jerusalem; Arabs attack Jewish vehicle on its way to Jewish quarter in Jerusalem, 1 killed, 7 injuries.
Dec 4 Two Jews and 3 Arabs injured in attack on Jewish bus in Baqa, Jerusalem. (Levi, 1986, p 431)
Dec 12, 1947
Irgun bombing at Damascus gate kills 20, wounds 50 (Levi, 1986, p. 432) .
Dec. 15, 1947 Arabs cut water pipes to Jerusalem; damage repaired by British; Jerusalem prepares for siege.
Dec 29, 1947 Irgun bombing at Damascus gate kills 12 Arabs, 2 British killed, 43 wounded (Levi, 1986 p. 433) .
Dec 30, 1947 The Haifa refinery riots and massacre-Irgun threw bombs from a speeding car into a crowd of Arabs outside the Haifa oil refinery; six killed and forty-two wounded. Survivors surged into the refinery compound and, along with some of the Arab refinery workers, attacked the Jewish refinery workers. In the hour it took for the British soldiers and police to arrive, forty-one Jews had been killed and forty-nine wounded.
Dec. 31, 1947 Old City Jewish quarter under siege.
Dec. 31, 1947 Palmach revenge for Haifa refinery massacre at Balad as Sheikh.
January 1948 Arab Salvation Army (also called Arab Liberation Army - ALA) are admitted to Palestine by the British, supposedly following a promise not to attack Jewish settlements. Their leader, Fawzi Al-Kaukji may have entered Palestine only in March. Jewish Agency concludes arms deal with Czechoslovakia, but most arms do not arrive until June 1948, after the British have left. The UN, including the US, had placed an arms embargo on Palestine. This did not apply to Arab countries including Transjordan. As independent states, they were allowed to acquire arms. The Jordan Legion received a steady supply of arms from Britain through the Suez Canal, at least until May 1948, including a large number of 25 pounder cannon at the beginning of 1948. Hagana agents purchased 20 Auster light aircraft in Britain, sold for scrap, rebuilt them and brought them to Palestine for use of the Haganah. Haganah later rebuilt Spitfires left by the mandate for scrap as well, but did not have real fighter and bomber aircraft until May 1948 when Czech Messersccmidtts (or Avia imitations) and B-17s purchased clandestinely were brought into the country.
Jan 4-5 Haganah blows up Semiramis hotel in Katamon. 40 killed 45 injured. (Levi, 1986, p 434).
Jan 6 Convoy to Jerusalem attacked at Sarefend (Tzrifin) by Arab Legion (Levi, 1986, p 434).
Jan. 7, 1948 Jaffa Gate bombing - The Irgun rolled a bomb from an armored car into the Arab crowd at the Jaffa Gate stop of the No. 3 bus (Collins & Lapierre, 1973 pp. 416 ff.). killing 14. Irgun car crashed and three were killed trying to escape. A fourth was caught, but was later freed by comrades (Levi, 1986 p.. 435).
Arab fire from Sheikh Jarakh on Beit Yisrael in Jerusalem kills 4. Five Arabs killed in counter fire.
Jan 9, 1948 Arab Liberation army Yarmuk battalion crosses into Palestine, attacks Dan and Kfar Szold; attack repulsed with the help of the British.
Jan. 12 Deir Yassin (near Jerusalem) - Arab village fight off attempted infiltration by Arab irregulars - one villager killed.
Jan 14, 1948 Major attack of Arab irregulars on Gush Etzion beaten off; 100-150 Arab dead. Jewish defenders have 3 dead, 12 wounded (Levi, 1986, p. 436)
Jan 16, 1948 Convoy of 35 - Jewish convoy to Gush Etzion, near Jerusalem, ambushed, 35 underground members massacred.