UnderGround Forums Elevation training mask 2?

3/23/13 8:41 PM
1/6/13
Posts: 1393
I'm interested but have read mixed reviews. Is it a yay or nay? What say you UG Phone Post
3/23/13 10:33 PM
1/6/13
Posts: 1413
Ttt Phone Post
3/24/13 10:23 AM
1/6/13
Posts: 1501
Ttt Phone Post
3/24/13 10:29 AM
5/4/11
Posts: 246
Just got mine a week ago. I say yay! Phone Post
3/24/13 10:38 AM
1/6/13
Posts: 1507
savage043 - Just got mine a week ago. I say yay! Phone Post
How does it feel when training bc the online reviews where confusing some would say scam others say it works. Phone Post
3/24/13 11:08 AM
1/1/01
Posts: 36101

I don`t own one,but I have read more negative than positive.

3/24/13 11:09 AM
1/6/13
Posts: 1511
crowbar -

I don`t own one,but I have read more negative than positive.

That's why I was asking Phone Post
3/24/13 11:19 AM
1/6/13
Posts: 1517
TuLegit - Listen in reality it's a scam. It takes years to truly adjust to altitude and get any sort of benefits from training there really that thing is just an oxygen deprivation mask and likely only gassing your muscles out quicker and possibly killing brain cells. The idea of that mask mocking altitude training is ridiculous. Go to any mountain town and train the first day you get there. It will be much harder and very different than putting that mask on. Phone Post
I live at sea level now but lived over half my life at 12000 feet and everytime I go back and excersise I feel no different than at sea level Phone Post
3/24/13 11:20 AM
6/22/10
Posts: 2124
In Phone Post
3/24/13 12:10 PM
1/6/13
Posts: 1518
BernardHopkins - oh and also there are 3 or 4 settings on it

you can start with the 1st and gradually move up as your breathing gets stronger

first setting is like breathing through a dust mask only you dont keep getting your own hot breath in your face. with the training mask you exhale it all out and only breath in fresh air
Ok cool thanks. Ill being buying then next month when I get payed. Phone Post
3/24/13 3:18 PM
1/1/01
Posts: 1027
BernardHopkins - 
TuLegit -  Listen in reality it's a scam. It takes years to truly adjust to altitude and get any sort of benefits from training there really that thing is just an oxygen deprivation mask and likely only gassing your muscles out quicker and possibly killing brain cells. The idea of that mask mocking altitude training is ridiculous. Go to any mountain town and train the first day you get there. It will be much harder and very different than putting that mask on. Phone Post

not true bro

i own one and its a solid training tool

it doesnt deprive you of oxygen, you can still get a full deep breath but it just requires you to dig deeper and breath right

IMO it trains you to breath deep and exhale slower and for sure strengthens your lugs

think about when you're doing something physically demanding and how easy it is to have short, choppy breaths rather than taking deep good breaths and not even realize it. kinda like when lifting weights and you dont really take good breaths during reps like you should

i think i used mine the first 2 days after i got it then went for a jog without it and there was a pretty noticeable difference already

it doesnt really mock altitude training, but it does really increase your cardio fast

signs of oxygen deprivation would be dizzy/light headed/heart rate going up etc... I feel extremely comfortable with mine on even when doing hard cardio.

its not nearly as bad as you are making it out to be and you are commenting on something you have never tried. that is your untested, uneducated opinion, yet you speak it so strongly.

It is nice to see that you acknowledge that it does in fact NOT simulate altitude training (users need to use bucketfuls of faith to actually believe something so illogical).

But I am skeptical to it having any beneficial effects at all. You believe in it and have good experiences using it. I am skeptical and may not like it at all if I try it. Placebo and nocebo effect can be at play. My experience really is meaningless, what matters is if it works or not and it does not make much sense from a physical standpoint. I don't see why strengthening lung muscles should help your cardio, when my body is bursting with lactic acid being able to continue to huff and puff is not any of my problems.

If you use it a lot I guess it could change your breathing pattern, that seems possible... What I do know though is that it is being aggressively marketed as a substitute for altitude training which is a bad case of false advertising.
3/24/13 3:36 PM
5/9/09
Posts: 9343

Wait for their next model (#3).. it'll come with an adjustable zipper so you can better control airflow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/24/13 3:58 PM
11/28/03
Posts: 60720
 
 
3/24/13 5:10 PM
3/14/02
Posts: 5333
BernardHopkins - 
TuLegit -  Listen in reality it's a scam. It takes years to truly adjust to altitude and get any sort of benefits from training there really that thing is just an oxygen deprivation mask and likely only gassing your muscles out quicker and possibly killing brain cells. The idea of that mask mocking altitude training is ridiculous. Go to any mountain town and train the first day you get there. It will be much harder and very different than putting that mask on. Phone Post

not true bro

i own one and its a solid training tool

it doesnt deprive you of oxygen, you can still get a full deep breath but it just requires you to dig deeper and breath right

IMO it trains you to breath deep and exhale slower and for sure strengthens your lugs

think about when you're doing something physically demanding and how easy it is to have short, choppy breaths rather than taking deep good breaths and not even realize it. kinda like when lifting weights and you dont really take good breaths during reps like you should

i think i used mine the first 2 days after i got it then went for a jog without it and there was a pretty noticeable difference already

it doesnt really mock altitude training, but it does really increase your cardio fast

signs of oxygen deprivation would be dizzy/light headed/heart rate going up etc... I feel extremely comfortable with mine on even when doing hard cardio.

its not nearly as bad as you are making it out to be and you are commenting on something you have never tried. that is your untested, uneducated opinion, yet you speak it so strongly.

lol @ "it doesn't really mock altitude training"

You're right, which is why the "ELEVATION Training Mask" is garbage.
3/24/13 5:12 PM
2/27/12
Posts: 2815
I sorta feel like you could just recreate the same effect by taking shorter and less breaths. I do it while biking hard, I just constrict my breathing and push through the burn. Phone Post
3/26/13 10:35 AM
12/1/10
Posts: 0
TuLegit - 
BernardHopkins -
TuLegit -  Listen in reality it's a scam. It takes years to truly adjust to altitude and get any sort of benefits from training there really that thing is just an oxygen deprivation mask and likely only gassing your muscles out quicker and possibly killing brain cells. The idea of that mask mocking altitude training is ridiculous. Go to any mountain town and train the first day you get there. It will be much harder and very different than putting that mask on. Phone Post

not true bro

i own one and its a solid training tool

it doesnt deprive you of oxygen, you can still get a full deep breath but it just requires you to dig deeper and breath right

IMO it trains you to breath deep and exhale slower and for sure strengthens your lugs

think about when you're doing something physically demanding and how easy it is to have short, choppy breaths rather than taking deep good breaths and not even realize it. kinda like when lifting weights and you dont really take good breaths during reps like you should

i think i used mine the first 2 days after i got it then went for a jog without it and there was a pretty noticeable difference already

it doesnt really mock altitude training, but it does really increase your cardio fast

signs of oxygen deprivation would be dizzy/light headed/heart rate going up etc... I feel extremely comfortable with mine on even when doing hard cardio.

its not nearly as bad as you are making it out to be and you are commenting on something you have never tried. that is your untested, uneducated opinion, yet you speak it so strongly.
Sorry dude but... This is ridiculous. I promise you you'll get more results and better training without that dumb mask. Look at their Facebook page doctors tear that shit to shreds. Phone Post

Sorry to jump in here guys but since the UG is uneducated in this matter we will bring you up to speed.
Here is from Dr. Joseph Sheppard a TRUE user of the Elevation Training Mask.

If you DO NOT OWN or NEVER HAVE TRIED the Elevation Training Mask - Contact CASEY@TRAININGMASK.COM for a FREE Training Mask - However this FREE MASK does not come without a catch. You will need to produce a 10 min video of you doing cardio with the TRAINING MASK on. IF you cannot keep it on "since it doesnt work" you will pay us double for that TRAINING MASK" however if you keep it on for the FULL WORK OUT for 10 Mins its yours to keep!

IF you get a FREE TRAINING MASK we will log your name and post it to the UNDERGROUND AND YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE TO PRODUCE "WERE GOING TO CALL YOU OUT" If you do not do your video!

GOOD READ BELOW FROM A DOCTOR

ELEVATE YOUR TRAINING BY DOCTOR JOSEPH

Many years ago, I ventured out to the Colorado Rockies to do some Mountain biking, climbing and Skydiving. I read that training or exercising at a much higher altitude would be difficult initially and required an adaptation process at the cellular level. My initial response to living in the different altitude was about 3 days of fatigue, some dizziness, headache, and lethargic. My body adapted quickly to this change and the experience was invigorating. I also heard that many endurance athletes would train at higher altitudes to improve their performance, but with travel and convenience issues that was done by only a few of the select elite athletes.

The human body adapts to stressors and changes in the environments in order to survive and live. High altitude training, the reduction of Oxygen greater than 5,000 ft above sea level the promotes an altered muscle metabolism and increased mass of hemoglobin and Red Blood Cells. The body adapts by increasing the size of the cells and optimizes how muscles work more efficiently in this environment.

Recently, advancements in training have given the rise to multiple options in altitude simulation tents or rooms and the most effective is the mask based hypoxicator system (Elevation Training Mask). Altitude training is called Hypoxic training which involves living and or training at a reduced oxygen level for the purpose of improved athletic performance or health benefits. The mask reduces the partial pressure of oxygen while keeping the barometric pressure the same with the convenience of training at home or gym. A Finland scientist, Heikki Rusko, concluded that a high altitude house which controls the partial pressure of the oxygen which was equivalent to O2 levels at higher altitudes, showed improvements in EPO and red blood cells with performance improvements in speed, strength, endurance and recovery.

While living at a high altitude does show changes in physiology, the intensity of the workouts are altered due to reduced oxygen and the inability to train at high levels of exertion in higher altitudes. Factor variations in training programs, time spent and individual athlete in multiple studies showed different results and the benefits occurred mostly with endurance aerobic type athletes. Atmospheric pressure is the primary difference in the benefit of attitude training. At sea level, the air is denser with more particles of gas per liter while a higher altitude has less molecules of gas and the air is much denser. Higher altitudes cause a physiological change in the body by reducing the partial pressure of gases that are in the body. Specific athletic performancements are caused by these survival adaptation processes in the body.

American Researchers claim this is primarily due to increased red blood cell volume, while Australian and New England Researchers believe that this is caused by optimizing the body’s ability to use oxygen more effienctly. Increased Red Blood cell volume occurs when with a decreased oxygen saturation of hemoglobin; the body produces additional red blood cells. This is thru EPO secretion by the kidneys which causes the bone marrow to produce RBC. This stressor adaption causes improved oxygen delivery and hemoglobin saturation levels. This process will occur over time, but it is uncertain of this adaption process timeframe. More effective use of oxygen by the muscular system are also related to ph regulation, glucose transport, growth of new blood cell vessels (angiogenesis), glucose metabolic breakdown and ATP utilization in the Krebs Cycle. In the Journal of Applied Physiology, Researchers concluded that genetic changes occur and that properties of the mitochondrial skeletal muscle adjust to the environment. Research concluded in Switzerland revealed that high level intensity exercises under this altitude hypoxia training causes structural and molecular changes that improve oxygen transport and the utilization by skeletal muscles. The human body is capable of adapting to stressors or environments to work more efficiently and improve how it performs cellular or athletically. I have found that simulated Altitude training while using the Elevation Training mask will do several things to our workouts which are performance based, physiological and mental focus also. The above research conclusions speak for the validity of using the MASK to improve your workouts and training intensities. The MASK is a highly effective device that changes your cellular and structural mechanisms and has improved my performance and health on the road and in the gym.
http://www.trainingmask.com/news/24/Dr.Joseph-Training-Mask-Clinical-Studies.html


3/26/13 10:39 AM
12/1/10
Posts: 1
UNDERGROUND HERE IS A CLINICAL STUDY SHOWING INCREASES IN V02 MAX, INCREASE IN CARDIO PULMONARY RESPONSE, INCREASE IN POWER OUT PUT, INCREASE IN OVER ALL CARDIAC RESPONSE, AND AN INCREASE IN TRAINING RESPONSE!


Submitted to:

Mr. Ray Richards, MBA, Director (Fire Chief) Fire & Disaster Services

Station #3 - Headquarters - 100 Giroux Road St. Albert, Albert, Canada

and


Mr. Casey Danford, President and CEO Training Mask, LLC

140 West River Street, STE #9

Cadillac, Michigan, USA

Submitted by:

Randy W. Dreger, PhD, CSCS, CSEP CEP Scott Paradis, CSEP CPT

Personal Fitness Trainer Program, School of Health Sciences Northern Alberta Institute of Technology





March 7, 2013







Executive Summary

The physical demands of firefighting have been well documented in the scientific literature. The protective equipment necessary for the firefighter to do their job has been shown to negatively impact work ability. The weight and heat stress associated with the equipment is a major factor. In addition, the self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) has been shown to be a significant limiter to performance.

Various strategies have been used to alleviate the impact of the SCBA including design modifications, enriched oxygen mixtures and physical training programs. The most cost effective method of counteracting the negative effect of the SCBA has been high intensity interval training while wearing the SCBA; in essence, a form of resistive breathing while exercising. However, the cost of an SCBA along with the cost of refilling the air cylinders could be cost prohibitive to small departments.

On the market are a number of resistive breathing devices that are typically used in a sitting position at rest, which is very different from the demands of firefighting. Recently, the development of a resistive breathing device that was designed to be used during exercise has become commercially available – the Elevation Training Mask (ETM). The ETM primarily provides an adjustable resistance during inspiration with a set resistance on expiration.

The current investigation set out to determine the effect the ETM had on indicators of performance. A training study of high intensity interval training (HIIT) was employed while wearing the ETM. Participants (8 males and 6 females) were pre and post tested on measures of pulmonary and cardiac function. The training consisted to cycle ergometry, 2 times per week for 5 weeks. Intensity was set at a load equivalent to a percentage of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and was adjusted in a periodized model.


The response to the HIIT training while wearing the ETM showed an improvement in the primary variables of power output and VO2max in the Rudolph valve maximal test condition. The males showed significant improvements in VO2max (8.3%) and power output (9.8%) whereas; the females were 4.6% and 8.3% respectively (not significant). These findings were similar to previous investigation of HIIT training while wearing the SCBA (Dreger and Paradis, 2011; Paradis and Dreger, 2011).

The underlying physiological mechanisms for the improvements in VO2max and power output were related to increases in ventilator ability for both males and females (VE increased by approximately 9% in both groups [p<0.05]). In addition, cardiac function as described by O2 pulse, which is a surrogate for stroke volume, increased for both males and females 10% and 6.8%, respectively.

During the training sessions heart rate responses were measured at the end of each work and relief interval. The heart rate responses in the last work interval during the first and last training sessions were substantially lower for the males (180 vs. 176 beats•min-1) and females (180 vs. 173 beats•min-1). When averaged over the entire training session, there was a significant reduction in total heart rate responses from the first to last session. Further supporting the improved cardiopulmonary changes noted during the maximal testing.

The results of this study demonstrated that HIIT while wearing the Elevation Training Mask significantly improved selected variables for males and females. The males tended to have more variables significantly improve than females. These findings are similar to previous study using the same training protocols, but wearing the SCBA; thus, implying that the Elevation Training Mask is equally effective as the SCBA during HITT. It is suggested that further study of the female participants are required to determine the reasons why they do not respond to the training as their male counterparts.





Acknowledgments and Disclaimers




• The authors would like to thank the many volunteers that participated in this study. With out their participatin this project could not have been completed.
• Elevatin Training Masks were provided by Training Mask, LLC to perform this study.
• City of St. Albert Fire Department provided air cylinder filling for this project.
• Financial support was provided in part by Alberta Innovates Product Development Program grant.
• Financial support was provided in part by novaNAIT Applied Research grant.
• SCBA and Training Mask pressure testing was provided by Acklands-Grainger Inc, Edmontn, Alberta.





Background

Firefighting is considered to be one of the most physically demanding and hazardous civilian occupations (Gledhill and Jamnik 1992a, b; Guidotti and Clough, 1992). Lusa et al. (1994) determined that regardless of age or rank, one of the most physically demanding tasks faced by firefighters is that of smoke-diving (search and rescue). This task typically involves entry into a dark, smoke-filled structure where the firefighter must search, by feel, for casualties and then evacuate them to safety. Research has shown that search and rescue work during actual fire emergencies elicits near-maximal heart rate responses (Sothmann et al., 1992) and places a significant demand on the aerobic system (Gledhill and Jamnik, 1992a; Bilzon et al., 2001).

Due to the environmental hazards the firefighter faces, they are required to wear personal protective equipment (PPE) and a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Previous investigations have assessed the effect of the SCBA (Eves et al., 2005), PPE (Louhevaara et al., 1995) and the combined effects of SCBA and PPE (Dreger et al., 2006; 2009) on working capacity. This research has shown that the SCBA has a negative impact on an individual’s working capacity (VO2max). Dreger et al. (2006) showed a 17% decrease in VO2max when encumbered in the PPE and SCBA. The cause of this decrease has been associated with a decrease in exercising lung function (ventilation) and heart function (Dreger et al., 2006; 2009; Nelson et al., 2009).
3/26/13 10:40 AM
12/1/10
Posts: 2

The negative impact the SCBA has on VO2max; researchers have studied various methods to alleviate this problem. One means of improving VO2max is through high intensity interval training (HIIT) (Gormley et al., 2008; Wisloff et al., 2009). Changes in both lung and cardiac function have been associated with the improvements in VO2max (Helgerud et al., 2007). Recently, Dreger and Paradis (2011) and Paradis and Dreger (2011) reported the effect of HIIT while breathing from an SCBA. Their study showed significant improvements in performance, pulmonary and cardiovascular function that was significantly greater than HIIT training without the SCBA. However, the cost of an SCBA is approximately $3,500 with air supply being an additional “disposable” cost. This may be cost prohibitive to for smaller fire departments and those preparing to go into the fire trade. On the market there are a number of devices that restrict breathing, however many of them are used during sitting and not during exercise. Recently, a device has been developed to be used during exercise (Training Mask LLC, Cadillac, MI). The Elevation Training Mask provides variable breathing resistance, which may simulate the SCBA. However, there has not been any scientific study of the ETM nor its effects relative to the SCBA. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect of the Elevation Training Mask while performing HIIT.







NAIT UNIVERSITY Research Design


A two phase approach was undertaken in this project. The first phase involved prototyping and fitting the ETM (Figures 1 and 2) and the SCBA (Figures 3 and 4) with a custom made “cone” to collect expired air while the subjects were exercising.


Figure 1. Custom cone for ETM

Figure 2. ETM with custom cone attached

Figure 3. Custom cone for SCBA

Figure 4. SCBA with custom cone attached


The SCBA and the ETM were then tested to determine the resistance of the devices with the custom made cones.



Figure 5 shows the testing device (PosiCheck3, Sophia, WV) utilized to determine the mask pressure of the ETM and the SCBA.

Testing was performed by a certified technician at an accredited testing center (Acklands- Grainger Inc, Edmonton, Alberta).




Figure 5. PosiCheck3 pressure testing device with ETM and custom cone attached.

The second phase involved recruiting subjects to participate in the research study and then undergo a battery of pre-testing, supervised training program, and post-testing followed by data analysis and report writing.




Experimental Overview

Each subject underwent the following; informed consent; screening via rPAR-Q and Physical Activity Index; pulmonary function test; orientation; three VO2max tests (Rudolph valve, SCBA and ETM condition); a 5-week intensive aerobic training program using the Training Mask; post training pulmonary function test and VO2max tests. Screening Each participant provided written informed consent to participate in the project, which was approved by the NAIT Research Ethics Board (Appendix A). Upon consent, each subject completed a Physical Activity Index (PAI, Appendix B) and Revised Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (rPAR-Q, Appendix C) that was designed to identify those individuals for whom vigorous exercise may be inappropriate. Depending on the answers to these questionnaires participants may have become ineligible for entry into the study.



Orientation

The orientation session provided subjects the opportunity to become familiar with the SCBA and ETM, maximal testing and high intensity training. At this session subjects performed pulmonary function tests along with measures of height, weight, and body composition. In addition, they performed an abbreviated exercise bout wearing the SCBA and the ETM.



Anthropometry and Body Composition

Measures of height and weight were taken for each of the subjects and recorded to the nearest 0.5 centimeter and 0.1 kilogram, respectively (CSEP, 2006). Body composition was determined via bioelectrical impedance (BIA) using a hand-held BIA device (Model HBF-306CAN, OMRON, Burlington, ON).



Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT)

During the orientation session and prior to the last VO2max testing session

subjects performed a standard spirometry test (Ruppel, 2009). Subjects sat quietly while breathing through a hand-held screen-pneumotach (#113183, Hans Rudolph, Inc. Kansas City, MO) while wearing a soft nose clip (Figure 6). Subjects were asked to take as deep a breath as possible, and then exhale into the sensor as hard as possible, for as long as

possible. They performed this maneuver two or three times with the best result recorded for the study.




Figure 6. Subject performing spriometry and MVV with hand-held pneumotach.

Maximum Voluntary Ventilation (MVV): Subjects performed a standard MVV (Ruppel, 2009). Subjects sat quietly while breathing through a hand-held screen- pneumotach (#113183, Hans Rudolph, Inc. Kansas City, MO) while wearing a soft nose clip were asked to breathe as deep a and as quickly as possible for a 15-second interval (Figure 6).

VO2max Testing

Maximal Oxygen Consumption (VO2max) test: Subjects rode a cycle ergometer (Velotron Dynafit Pro, RaceMate Inc., Seattle, WA) for the exercise mode. The first phase involved 2 minutes sitting quietly. Subjects then peddle at a self selected rate, with the initial intensity set at 25 Watts with an increase of 25 Watts per minute until volitional exhaustion. During the VO2max test subjects were dressed in athletic shorts, t-shirt and running shoes. They were either breathing through a low resistant valve (Hans Rudolf

2700 series, Shawnee, KS – Figure 7), the SCBA system (Eves et al., 2005 – Figure 8) or Training Mask (Figure 9), which was attached to a metabolic measurement system (TrueOne 2400, ParvoMedics, UT).



Figure 7. Subject performing VO2max test with Rudolph valve condition.



Figure 8. Subject performing VO2max test with SCBA condition.



Figure 9. Subject performing VO2max test with ETM condition.



Training Program

The training program had the subjects wear the ETM (Figure 10) while performing 2 training sessions per week for 5 consecutive weeks. While riding a cycle ergometer (Ergomedic 828E, Monark LTD., Vansbro, Sweden), subject performed a 5 minute warm- up, 2 minute work interval at an intensity equivalent to 90% of VO2max, 3 min relief interval at an intensity equivalent to 30% of VO2max based on the results from the ETM VO2max condition (Figure 9) repeated 5 times, and a 5 to 10 minute cool down (Gormley et al., 2008; Helgerud et al., 2007). When heart rate has returned to below 100 beats per minute subjects were considered “cooled down”. Each session was performed under the supervision of a qualified Personal Fitness Trainer. Table 1 describes the periodized training program used throughout the study.
3/26/13 10:43 AM
1/1/01
Posts: 2698
Scam Phone Post
3/26/13 10:44 AM
12/1/10
Posts: 3
Results and Discussion <br /> <br /><br />Pressure testing<br /> <br /><br /> Prior to sale, all SCBA are pressure tested with the same or similar system as described earlier (Figure 5). After the cone was attached to the SCBA (Figure 4) the unit was retested by a qualified technician to determine if there were any functional changes. There were no significant differences between the manufacture and retesting results (maximum pressure 5 cm H2O). During the assessment of the ETM, the pressures generated were beyond the capacity of the testing device (greater than 20 cm H2O) thus causing an automatic shut down. Due to the pressures generated with the ETM, it was determined that the standard (yellow) inspiratory resistance be used on the ETM (Figure 2) during all the testing and training sessions.<br /> <br />Subject Characteristics<br /> <br /> <br /> <br />Eight male and 6 female participants completed all the testing and training. Both the males and females were of average height and weight (Hoffman, 2006). The females had a normal BMI and percent body fat values; whereas the males BMI would be considered pre obese, however, their body fat percentage suggested that a large portion of their weight was due to muscle mass (Table 2).<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />Table 2. Subject characteristics<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /> <br /><br />Males<br /> <br /><br />Females<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />Variable<br /> <br /><br />Mean<br /> <br /><br />±SD<br /> <br /><br />Mean<br /> <br /><br />±SD<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />Age<br /> <br /><br />22.3<br /> <br /><br />3.58<br /> <br /><br />23.0<br /> <br /><br />4.05<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />Height (cm)<br /> <br /><br />174.5<br /> <br /><br />4.34<br /> <br /><br />168.1<br /> <br /><br />8.44<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />Weight (kg)<br /> <br /><br />79.2<br /> <br /><br />11.7<br /> <br /><br />62.7<br /> <br /><br />14.2<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />BMI (kg/m2)<br /> <br /><br />26<br /> <br /><br />3.12<br /> <br /><br />24<br /> <br /><br />3.35<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br />Body Fat (%)<br /> <br /><br />14.6<br /> <br /><br />4.16<br /> <br /><br />24.3<br /> <br /><br />3.35<br /> <br /><br />BMI = body mass index. SD = Standard Deviation<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /> <br />Training Responses<br /> <br />During the training sessions, heart rate responses were recorded during the work and rest intervals. Figures 11 and 12 depict the average heart rate responses for the male and female subjects during the first training session and the last training session. The exact same workload was applied in each condition. When the heart rates were averaged for the entire training session there was significant reduction post training for both the males (155 vs. 149 beats•min-1) and females (153 vs. 147 beats•min-1). <br /><br /><br /> <br /> <br /><br />Figure 11. Average, male heart rate responses during the first training session (pre training) and the last training (post training) session.<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /> <br />Figure 12. Average, female heart rate responses during the first training session (pre training) and the last training (post training) session.<br /> <br /><br /> <br /> <br /> <br />
3/26/13 10:45 AM
12/1/10
Posts: 4

References

Bilzon, J.L., Scarpello, E.G., Smith, C.V., Ravenhill, N.A., Rayson, M.P. (2001). Characterization of the metabolic demands of simulated shipboard Royal Navy fire- fighting tasks. Ergonomics. 44: 766-780.

Borg, G.A. (1982) Psychological bases of perceived exertion. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise. 14: 377-381.

Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. (1998). The Canadian Physical Activity Fitness an Lifestyle Appraisal. Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology: Ottawa, ON.

Dreger, R.W., Jones, R.L., Petersen, S.R. (2006). Effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus and fire protective clothing on maximal oxygen uptake. Ergonomics. 49: 911- 920.

Dreger, R.W. and Petersen, S.R. (2008). Impact of fire-protective equipment on peak exercise in males and females. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 33: S29.

Dreger, R.W. and Paradis, S.M. (2011). Effect of a high intensity interval training (HIIT) program while breathing from a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) in males. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 36: S313.

Eves, N.D., Petersen, S.R., Jones, R.L. (2002). Hyperoxia improves maximal exercise with the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), Ergonomics. 45: 829-839.


Eves, N.D., Jones, R.L., Petersen, S.R. (2005). The influence of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) on ventilatory function and incremental exercise. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. 30: 507-519.

Gledhill, N. and Jamnik, V.K. (1992a). Characterization of the physical demands of firefighting. Canadian Journal of Sports Science. 17: 207-213.

Gledhill, N. and Jamnik, V.K. (1992b). Development and validation of a fitness screening protocol for firefighter applicants. Canadian Journal of Sports Science. 17: 199-206.

Gormley S.E., Swain, D.P., High, R., Spina, R.J., Dowling, E.A., Kotipalli, U.S., Gandrakota, R. (2008). Effect of intensity of aerobic training on VO2max. Medicine Science Sports and Exercise. 40: 1336-1343.

Guidotti, T.L. and Clough, V.M. (1992). Occupational health concerns of firefighting. Annual Review of Public Health. 13: 151-171.

Helgerud, J., Høydal, K., Wang, E., Karlsen, T., Berg, P., Bjerkaas, M., Simonsen, T., Helgesen, C., Hjorth, N., Bach, R., Hoff, J. (2007). Aerobic high-intensity intervals improve VO2max more than moderate training. Medicine Science Sports and Exercise. 39: 665- 671.

Hoffman, J. (2006). Norms for Fitness, Performance, and Health. Human Kinetics. Champaign, IL.

Lusa, S., Louhevaara, V., Kinnunen, K. (1994). Are the job demands on physical work capacity equal for young and aging firefighters? J. Occupational Medicine. 36: 70-74.


Paradis, S.M. and Dreger, R.W. (2011). High intensity interval training (HIIT) while breathing from a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) selectively improves VO2max values in females. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 36: S343.

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Ruppel, G.L. (2009). Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing (9th edition). Mosby: St. Louis, MI.

Sothmann, M.S., Saupe, K., Jasenof, D., Blaney, J. (1992). Heart rate response of firefighters to actual emergencies. Implications for cardiorespiratory fitness. Journal of Occupational Medicine. 34: 797-800.

Wisløff, U., Ellingsen, Ø., Kemi, O.J.(2009). High-intensity interval training to maximize cardiac benefits of exercise training. Exercise Sport Science Review. 37: 139-146
3/26/13 10:48 AM
11/11/08
Posts: 3475
In. Interested in buying one. Phone Post
3/26/13 10:50 AM
12/9/05
Posts: 2404
Free training mask? Hhhmmm
3/26/13 10:51 AM
12/1/10
Posts: 5
DO Your research before making an uneducated opinion.

http://www.trainingmask.com/news/26/NAIT-University-Clinical-Study-and-Technical-Report.html

http://www.trainingmask.com/news/25/Elevation-Training-Mask-and-the-Effects%3A-A-Case-Report.html

http://www.trainingmask.com/news/24/Dr.Joseph-Training-Mask-Clinical-Studies.html

http://www.normalbreathing.com/d/training-mask.php

http://www.normalbreathing.com/benefits-of-physical-activity.php

http://www.livestrong.com/article/555962-the-best-ways-to-mimic-elevation-training/