The state of the UFC address

by Kelsey Philpott
October 4, 2010

There’s a lot of misinformation circulating around the MMA community in regards to the state of the UFC, so I’d like to provide a little payout perspective on the hot button issues that currently have some folks troubled.

UFC TV Ratings and PPV Buyrates


Simply put: the PPV buyrates are up and the TV ratings are down.

The UFC is now just exiting an eight (8) event streak where it scored 500,000 PPV buys or more. Moreover, the UFC is currently on pace to break its PPV sales record with a 2010 showing that should come in around the 9 million mark: UFC 121 should do at least 1 million buys with the Brocktober promotion, plus a decent UFC 123 card and TUF-backed UFC 124 should be able to do another million combined.

The PPV sales are encouraging and demonstrate the potential of the UFC. There is a strong demand for its product at the highest levels, which implies strong matchmaking, evocative story telling, and reasonably injury free combatants. If the UFC can continue to develop fighters and carefully select matches that make sense for both the division and entertainment purposes, the sky is nearly the limit.

However, the television ratings are dropping on Spike for just about everything. I don’t think this a reflection of the sport or a slight to the potential of the product. Rather I think it comes back to provide compelling content. When the UFC provides content like UFN 14 (Silva vs. Irvin) or UFC 105 (Couture vs. Vera) people are going to tune in. When the UFC offers up something like Swick-Burkman as a main event for UFN 12, people won’t.

I hear a lot of concern about over-saturation in the marketplace, but it really all comes down to the product offering. The good events will be highly successful and the bad events will experience just mediocre results.

But I will caution that the UFC cannot afford to get complacent. Spike has essentially run the same format on TUF for the last 12 seasons and the results of a stale and bland product are starting to show. The UFC is a company known for its willingness to experiment and live on the edge – both with its product and its marketing tactics – but we haven’t seen the same level of innovation (or risk taking) on the production side. It would be a shame to see the company fail to change and adapt to an evolving fan base with new and different tastes and preferences. The issue of what exactly should be done with TUF is something I’ll save for another day.

UFC Attendance and Gate Revenues

The attendance and gate revenues for UFC events are a bit of a mixed bag. The UFC claims to be selling out many of its events, but they’re often papered to varying degrees and the setup is often built to less than arena capacity. However, I don’t buy the argument that the percentage of out-of-town fans at each event should somehow diminish the attendance or gate figures. These fans are part of the sport and what make it so great.

Overall, the attendance and live gate are still pretty solid. Las Vegas and all of Canada are incredibly strong. New markets like Philadelphia and Boston have good potential. Yet, by and large, the average gate sits in and around the $1.5 million to $2.5 million mark. People were shocked to hear Indianapolis did $1.6 million, but that’s not a terrible gate.

If anything, I think the reaction to some of these things is more a reflection of heightened fan expectations than anything else. There’s been a certain falsehood perpetuated by some in the media that suggests the UFC should sellout and do a huge gate in every new market, but rarely is this the case. It takes time to build a local spectator market – no matter if you’ve had television exposure in the area or not.

Yes, the UFC did tremendously well in its Montreal and Vancouver debuts, but Canada is MMA crazy and certainly not representative of the American market. More to the point, only Montreal has done multiple events and I can almost guarantee you that UFC 124 will sell better than UFC 83. Why? There are far more UFC/GSP fans in Montreal now than in April 2008.

The Popularity of UFC Fighters

The UFC is having no more or less difficult a time producing star fighters than it ever has. In this regard MMA fans seem to have very short memories; the prevailing thought seems to be that if a star isn’t born every six months, something must be going wrong. However, there are a number of examples that currently point to the contrary:

    * Three years ago the MMA community was questioning the ability of Rampage Jackson to fill the shoes of Chuck Liddell, both as light heavyweight champion and one of the biggest draws in the sport. Now he sits at #3 in terms of average PPV buys since 2008.
    * Two years ago it was widely believed that Lyoto Machida was boring and incapable of headlining a fight card. Now we know different as he currently sits at #6 in terms of average PPV buys since 2008.
    * Today we’ve got men like Jon Jones and Cain Velasquez emerging as viable fighters that could very likely reign over their respective divisions for many years. Others will emerge in their respective divisions given time. That’s really the beauty of MMA right now: we’re finally starting to see elite athletes like Jones and Velasquez enter the sport. It’s only a matter of time before more follow.

The most important thing to remember about star fighters is that it’s not necessary for them to be charismatic, good looking, and own a life story that could land them on the New York Times #1 Best Seller list. A fighter’s popularity simply all depends on performance. If a fighter proves to be highly skillful and entertaining, people will start to watch and the word will spread. It’s really not complicated.

I tend to think that sometimes people confuse being a star or draw with being a cross-over pop culture icon. Very few athletes have this potential in any sport – let alone MMA. There are only so many athletes like Derek Jeter or Shaq. Perhaps MMA will have one some day, but it doesn’t need one to be successful or continue its growth, either.

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