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1/28/14 8:23 PM
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Cire
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Warning: sometimes ignorance is bliss. After gaining this knowledge, you may be hurt when it is obvious that someone is lying to you. The following deception detection techniques are used by police, forensic psychologists, security experts and other investigators.
Introduction to Detecting Lies:

This knowledge is also useful for managers, employers, and for anyone to use in everyday situations where telling the truth from a lie can help prevent you from being a victim of fraud/scams and other deceptions.

This is just a basic run down of physical (body language) gestures and verbal cues that may indicate someone is being untruthful. Remember: these signs don't indicate someone is lying, just that they are more likely to be lying.
If you got here from somewhere else, be sure to check out our Lie Detection index page for more info including new research in the field of forensic psychology. Last update: April 10th, 2013.

Signs of Deception:
Body Language of Lies:
• Physical expression will be limited and stiff, with few arm and hand movements. Hand, arm and leg movement are toward their own body the liar takes up less space.
• A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact.
• Hands touching their face, throat & mouth. Touching or scratching the nose or behind their ear. Not likely to touch his chest/heart with an open hand.
Emotional Gestures & Contradiction

• Timing and duration of emotional gestures and emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion is delayed, stays longer it would naturally, then stops suddenly.
• Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions and words. Example: Someone says "I love it!" when receiving a gift, and then smile after making that statement, rather then at the same time the statement is made.
• Gestures/expressions don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying “I love you.”
• Expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like happy, surprised, sad, awe, )instead of the whole face. For example; when someone smiles naturally their whole face is involved: jaw/cheek movement, eyes and forehead push down, etc.
Also see our article on micro expressions & lying.

Interactions and Reactions
• A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive.
• A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body away.
• A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves and you.
Verbal Context and Content
• A liar will use your words to make answer a question. When asked, “Did you eat the last cookie?” The liar answers, “No, I did not eat the last cookie.”
•A statement with a contraction is more likely to be truthful: “ I didn't do it” instead of “I did not do it”
• Liars sometimes avoid "lying" by not making direct statements. They imply answers instead of denying something directly.
• The guilty person may speak more than natural, adding unnecessary details to convince you... they are not comfortable with silence or pauses in the conversation.
• A liar may leave out pronouns and speak in a monotonous tone. When a truthful statement is made the pronoun is emphasized as much or more than the rest of the words in a statement.
• Words may be garbled and spoken softly, and syntax and grammar may be off. In other
words, his sentences will likely be muddled rather than emphasized.
• The use of distancing language.
Also see our article on Statement Analysis for a more in-depth look at word analysis techniques used by interrogators.

Other signs of a lie:
• If you believe someone is lying, then change subject of a conversation quickly, a liar follows along willingly and becomes more relaxed. The guilty wants the subject changed; an innocent person may be confused by the sudden change in topics and will want to back to the previous subject.
• Using humor or sarcasm to avoid a subject.

Final Notes:
Obviously, just because someone exhibits one or more of these signs does not make them a liar. The above behaviors should be compared to a persons base (normal) behavior whenever possible.
Most lie detecting experts agree that a combination of body language and other cues must be used to make an educated guess on whether someone is telling the truth or a lie.
1/28/14 8:25 PM
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attjack
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I just look to see if your lips are moving.
1/28/14 8:25 PM
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12erInMyKaepingHoles
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The OG's how to detect a lie:

(1) Did a woman say it?

If yes --> lie

If no --> probably not a lie, investigate further

1/28/14 8:26 PM
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Cire
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Eye Movement and Direction & How it Can Reveal Truth or Lies
This is a continuation of our previous article Detecting Lies. Many comments by our visitors asked about how eye direction can indicate the presence of a lie.


Can the direction a person's eyes reveal whether or not they are making a truthful statement? Short answer: sort of. But, it isn't as simple as some recent television shows or movies make it seem.
In these shows a detective will deduce if a person is being untruthful simply because they looked to the left or right while making a statement.
In reality, it would be foolish to make such a snap judgment without further investigation... but the technique does have some merit.

So, here it is... read, ponder and test it on your friends and family to see how reliable it is for yourself.
Visual Accessing Cues - "Lying Eyes"
The first time "Visual Accessing Cues" were discussed (at least to my knowledge), was by Richard Bandler and John Grinder in their book "Frogs into Princes: Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) " From their experiments this is what they found.


When asked a question a "normally organized" right-handed person looks (from your viewpoint, looking at them):



Up and to the Left
Indicates: Visually Constructed Images (Vc)
If you asked someone to "Imagine a purple buffalo", this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they "Visually Constructed" a purple buffalo in their mind.


Up and to the Right
Indicates: Visually Remembered Images (Vr)
If you asked someone to "What color was the first house you lived in?", this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they "Visually Remembered" the color of their childhood home.


To the Left
Indicates: Auditory Constructed (Ac)
If you asked someone to "Try and create the highest the sound of the pitch possible in your head", this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they "Auditorily Constructed" this this sound that they have never heard of.


To the Right
Indicates: Auditory Remembered (Ar)
If you asked someone to "Remember what their mother's voice sounds like ", this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they "Auditorily Remembered " this sound.


Down and to the Left
Indicates: Feeling / Kinesthetic (F)
If you asked someone to "Can you remember the smell of a campfire? ", this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they used recalled a smell, feeling, or taste.


Down and To the Right
Indicates: Internal Dialog (Ai)
This is the direction of someone eyes as they "talk to themselves".

The Gist of it...

How this information is used to detect lies:
Example: Let's say your child asks you for a cookie, and you ask: "Well, what did your mother say?" As they reply "Mom said... yes.", they look to the left. This would indicate a made up answer as their eyes are showing a "constructed image or sound. Looking to the right would indicated a "remembered" voice or image, and thus would be telling the truth.
Final Notes:
*** Looking straight ahead or with eyes that are defocused/unmoving is also considered a sign of visual accessing.


*** A typical left-handed person would have the opposite meanings for their eye-directions.
*** As with other signs of lying, you should first establish and understand a persons base-behavior before concluding they are lying by the direction of their eyes.
*** Many critics believe the above is a bunch of bull***t. In my own experiments I have found these techniques to be more true than not. But, why not find out for yourself? Make up a list of questions that like the sample ones, and give them to your friends/family anyone who would be your guinea pig, observe their eye movements and record the results.
*** This guide is hardly in-depth, I recommend getting the book "Frogs into Princes: Neuro Linguistic Programming" by Richard Bandler and John Grinder for a more thorough explanation if the subject interests you.
1/28/14 8:30 PM
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Jesus Cannons
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Information overload. Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 8:33 PM
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JunkieDog
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When I thought my ex wife was messing around on my years ago, I did a ton of research on this. Got so interested in it beyond what I was initially looking for, I ended up reading several books on body language, micro expressions, etc., etc.

When all was said and done I found out the truth it was truly amazing how accurate most of these clues/tips were. With the exception of eye contact they were all fairly accurate. Actually, lack of eye contact isn't considered a sign of deception by most reputable people in the business of reading deceptions.

The one that was wicked accurate.... the non use of contractions. And it wasn't just in speech... even in emails she would write "No I did not" or "No I was not" Yet, in general conversation or when being honest, it was always I didn't or I wasn't.

I try not to surround myself with too many scumbags now, though.... so knowing all of this hasn't turned me into a cynical old bastard yet. Amazing how much better life is when you eliminate liars and manipulators from your life.
1/28/14 8:36 PM
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andyman011
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Sadly I'm very stoic and don't show much emotion in my face. I can see how you're right because I'm good at picking off a liar but it would make me out to be lying 24/7. Phone Post
1/28/14 8:47 PM
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Vader03
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In Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 8:54 PM
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Tiresias
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andyman011 - Sadly I'm very stoic and don't show much emotion in my face. I can see how you're right because I'm good at picking off a liar but it would make me out to be lying 24/7. Phone Post
24/7, right. Because you never sleep, you just stay stoically awake continually. Can you ever not tell a lie? Just once? Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 9:00 PM
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Crazy Power Muay Thai
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Lie to me with Tim Roth
1/28/14 9:03 PM
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RogansRoachClips
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I'm in Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 9:04 PM
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TheEssence
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1/28/14 9:05 PM
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Phuckles
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Jesus Cannons - Information overload. Phone Post 3.0

this
1/28/14 9:06 PM
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I No Kung Foo
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Jesus Cannons - Information overload. Phone Post 3.0

That hurt my brian
1/28/14 9:07 PM
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AmazinGracie
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Hmmm, I can use this at work. Tons of liars there. Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 9:08 PM
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Bad Monkey
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Edited: 01/28/14 9:08 PM
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Just caught my five year old lying to me with this. 

Me: Did you wipe your butt?

Daughter: *looks up and to the right*   Yes. 

 

She's taking a bath now. 

1/28/14 9:12 PM
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groundfighter2000
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The stuff about eye movement and direction is pure bullshit. The other stuff is cool.
1/28/14 9:14 PM
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Cire
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Haha!

I am watching the state of the union address, I'm sure that I will see a few "up and to the right." Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 9:14 PM
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Hong Kong Phooey
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in

1/28/14 9:20 PM
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mma trane
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In for liar stories
1/28/14 9:25 PM
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MisterDerp
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1/28/14 9:30 PM
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Blah Blah Blah
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For later Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 9:33 PM
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QuadAces
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1/28/14 9:52 PM
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pillbottle
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Have always had a pretty good bullshit detector. Going to try to add to that with some of this info. Phone Post 3.0
1/28/14 9:54 PM
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TrappeBier
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Sub Phone Post 3.0

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