OtherGround Forums Shade is a mark of privledge in LA

Edited: 7 days ago
4/13/12
Posts: 31024

Turn Off the Sunshine’: Why Shade Is a Mark of Privilege in Los Angeles

Shade in Los Angeles sits at the intersection of two crises: climate change and income inequality. City officials are rushing to deploy cover to hundreds of bus stops and plant 90,000 trees.

  • Published Dec. 1, 2019Updated Dec. 2, 2019, 11:56 a.m. ET

LOS ANGELES — There is no end to the glittering emblems of privilege in this city. Teslas clog the freeways. Affluent families scramble for coveted spots in fancy kindergartens. And up in the hills of Bel-Air, where a sprawling estate just hit the market for a record $225 million, lush trees line the streets, providing welcome relief from punishing heat.

They say the sun has always been the draw of Los Angeles, but these days, shade is increasingly seen as a precious commodity, as the crises of climate change and inequality converge.

Now, city officials, rather than selling sunshine as Los Angeles’s singular attraction, are treating it as a growing crisis.

Using data that overlays areas of intense heat with the busiest public transit routes, the city is rushing to deploy shade to nearly 750 bus stops, using trees, shade sails or umbrellas. In addition, the city has recently hired its first forestry officer, and announced a goal of planting 90,000 shade trees by 2021. As part of this effort, some of the city’s famous palm trees, which have defined the image of the city but do not provide much shade, could be replaced.

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“Maybe you haven’t thought about it this way, but shade is an equity issue,” Mayor Eric M. Garcetti said at a recent event on a blazing hot day in South Los Angeles, where he discussed a number of climate initiatives around the city, including creating more shade.

A tree was planted during a ceremony in sun-strafed South Los Angeles by the city’s tree czar, Rachel Malarich, center left, and Mayor Eric M. Garcetti, right.

“Think about an elderly Angeleno who relies on public transit to get around her neighborhood,” he continued. “Imagine her standing in the blistering sun in the middle of July waiting for the bus, with hot, dark asphalt. She deserves to be every bit as comfortable as her counterpart in another ZIP code in town.”

Drive across the vast space of Los Angeles and the point becomes clear. In wealthy neighborhoods like Bel-Air or Beverly Hills, spot the hulking trees lining canopied streets. In poorer neighborhoods like South Los Angeles, watch as the people waiting for the bus strain for some sliver of escape from the intense heat. They may find it in a small shadow cast by a stop sign, or under a shopkeeper’s awning, or even, sometimes, just from the shade of a person standing in front of them.

A mature canopy of trees in the wealthy Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles.

In late October, as Los Angeles was facing record heat for the season, the high winds up in the hills and canyons were stirring up wildfires and people were fleeing their homes. Down on the streets of South Los Angeles, it was blazing hot.

On the corner of Sixth Avenue and Jefferson Boulevard, between the Sixth Avenue Elementary School and Lupita’s Market, Gwendolyn Coakley was standing in the narrow shadow of a streetlight, waiting to help schoolchildren cross the street.

It was the only space where she could find a little respite, as temperatures approached triple digits.

“The heat is terrible,” said Ms. Coakley, a crossing guard, as she clutched a bottle of water. “I’m always looking, trying to find something.”

Sunshine was once a salable commodity for Los Angeles, a singular characteristic used to beckon settlers from across America and beyond. Historians have described this time of selling the sun in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as Los Angeles’s period of boosterism.

Led by the city’s chamber of commerce, which distributed pamphlets and books across the country portraying Southern California as a sun-dappled utopia, the marketing effort helped propel Los Angeles’s growth as a major metropolis.

“People came here specifically to chase the sun,” said Christopher Hawthorne, the city’s chief design officer, a newly created position that he took up last year. “And we sold the sunshine as a commodity.”

As the world warms, the issue of shade has drawn more attention from urban planners. The writer Sam Bloch, in an article in Places Journal this year that focused on Los Angeles, called shade “an index of inequality, a requirement for public health, and a mandate for urban planners and designers.”

Mr. Hawthorne, a former architectural critic for The Los Angeles Times, has been thinking for years about the city’s public spaces and the lack of shade as a measure of inequality. When he talks about the subject, he likes to invoke the title of a 1942 book of short stories about Los Angeles by the writer Timothy Turner: “Turn Off the Sunshine.”

“We can all relate to that title today,” he said, at the recent event where Mr. Garcetti appeared. “There are times all of us in Los Angeles wish we could turn off the sunshine, and there are more and more of those days every year as a result of climate change.”

In an interview, Mr. Hawthorne said, “We have pockets of beautiful urban design and beautiful stretches of shade, but it’s definitely fair to say that it has not been distributed in an equitable way.”

Angelenos high on the income ladder go everywhere in air-conditioned cars, leaving the city’s buses and baking sidewalks largely to those on the lower economic rungs. Citing the impact of climate change, Mr. Hawthorne said: “This city is noticeably less hospitable to pedestrians now than it was when I got here in 2004. So 15 years has changed this conversation.” Mr. Hawthorne has been leading the effort to bring shade to nearly 750 bus stops, utilizing data that overlays the hottest areas of the city with the locations of the busiest bus stops.

Researchers at U.C.L.A. have forecast that Los Angeles is likely to see a sharp increase in the number of days of extreme heat — defined as 95 degrees or higher. Downtown Los Angeles currently experiences about seven days of extreme heat per year, but that figure could rise to 22 by 2050 and to more than 50 days by the end of the century, according to forecasts. (Of course, temperatures don’t need to soar above 95 degrees for a lack of shade to be a burden on the city’s poor.)

Edited: 7 days ago
4/13/12
Posts: 31025

Like Mr. Hawthorne, Rachel Malarich, whom Mr. Garcetti hired earlier this year as Los Angeles’s first forestry officer, is trying to bring shade to the city’s underserved communities, particularly in South Los Angeles and East Los Angeles, by planting more trees.

“These communities should have access to the same resources other communities have,” she said. “I don’t want a bunch of small trees. We need to find spaces for big trees.”

Rachel Malarich, Los Angeles’s first forestry officer, is trying to bring shade to the city’s underserved communities, particularly in South Los Angeles and East Los Angeles.

Still, in some communities that have historically been neglected by the city, new trees can be a tough sell. Residents complain that the city has planted trees in the past and then failed to trim them, creating neighborhood hazards and causing injuries.

The lack of trees in some poorer communities is also connected to a history of abusive policing. For years, the city kept tree growth to a minimum in some neighborhoods because police officers were worried that trees could be places to stash drugs and guns.

In an interview, Ms. Malarich showed a map of the city’s tree canopy. Wealthy areas of West Los Angeles and the Los Feliz neighborhood are dark green, with a tree canopy of more than 35 percent. South Los Angeles, by contrast, is shaded lightly, with just 10 percent to 12 percent tree cover.

Ms. Malarich said trees are also a public health issue, citing studies showing that more trees in a community correlates with lower asthma rates, reduced hospital visits during heat waves and improved mental health. “All our communities should have access to those benefits,” she said.

Los Angeles, with its many different climate zones, can host countless types of trees, Ms. Malarich said, and she is drawing on several books and resources, such as “A Californian’s Guide to the Trees Among Us,” to decide which trees to plant and where.

And what about Los Angeles’s famous palm trees, which are essential to the city’s image of itself but do not provide much cover? There may be fewer of them in the future, she said, because as some palm trees reach the end of their life cycle, they may not be replaced.

Still, “palm trees are important for culturally significant spaces,” she said.

The attention given to creating more shade is part of a broader effort by Los Angeles, Mr. Hawthorne said, to “draw people back to the public realm,” in a city famously attached to the automobile.

“If we can’t turn off the sunshine, at least we can find respite and refuge, and a sense that the city increasingly is designed for all of us,” he said.

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/01/us/los-angeles-shade-climate-change.html

7 days ago
1/1/01
Posts: 22457
"Shade in Los Angeles sits at the intersection of two crises: climate change and income inequality."

I'm not even sure what to say to that.
7 days ago
10/4/18
Posts: 3277
In California, our shitheads try to out shithead each other regularly by writing articles so fucken stupid that even stupid people are embarrassed..
7 days ago
5/23/07
Posts: 19327
Lol
7 days ago
11/7/07
Posts: 26583
Huh?
7 days ago
3/1/09
Posts: 8595

Even though this article is stupid in its approach, heat stroke is a real thing and especially dangerous for the elderly.

Whether that's a significant problem in L.A or not I have no idea.

7 days ago
9/22/16
Posts: 18772
I assume the only solution is reverse eco-terrorism? Destroy the yards and driveways of the wealthy? I look forward to our transgendered social warriors putting an end to this bio-injustice.
7 days ago
4/13/12
Posts: 31026
Ramon Maroni - Huh?

Only wealthy neighborhoods have trees or even tall buildings.  Poor people have less access to shade.

7 days ago
9/22/16
Posts: 18773
homegrowncone - 

Even though this article is stupid in its approach, heat stroke is a real thing and especially dangerous for the elderly.

Whether that's a significant problem in L.A or not I have no idea.


I think the simpler question is "Why doesn't L.A. have better bus stops?" It doesn't have to be an argument about wealth or privilege.
7 days ago
7/5/13
Posts: 10066

All you uppity sons a bitches with you’re trees and shade. How dare you 

7 days ago
9/22/16
Posts: 18774
DropKick Joe - 

All you uppity sons a bitches with you’re trees and shade. How dare you 


*your
7 days ago
8/7/19
Posts: 1577
The lower class morlocks need to get underground and stay there.

Le Shat
©
7 days ago
12/6/14
Posts: 1929

Holy shit this author smells his own farts and likes it. Temps are higher in areas without shade though, that's a fact, and can be dangerous. City temps are always higher because concrete absorbs more heat. I recall reading an article a while ago, about Chicago I think, where in some neighborhoods the temp was like 15 degrees different than others just because of the lack of shade/amount of concrete. 

7 days ago
4/13/12
Posts: 31027
JiuJitsuHeyZeus -

Holy shit this author smells his own farts and likes it. Temps are higher in areas without shade though, that's a fact, and can be dangerous. City temps are always higher because concrete absorbs more heat. I recall reading an article a while ago, about Chicago I think, where in some neighborhoods the temp was like 15 degrees different than others just because of the lack of shade/amount of concrete. 

I have no doubt that the phenomena is real and that wealthier area have more trees, but to imply shade privilege is a bit much.

7 days ago
12/6/14
Posts: 1933
EFM -
JiuJitsuHeyZeus -

Holy shit this author smells his own farts and likes it. Temps are higher in areas without shade though, that's a fact, and can be dangerous. City temps are always higher because concrete absorbs more heat. I recall reading an article a while ago, about Chicago I think, where in some neighborhoods the temp was like 15 degrees different than others just because of the lack of shade/amount of concrete. 

I have no doubt that the phenomena is real and that wealthier area have more trees, but to imply shade privilege is a bit much.

Yeah for sure. If they want shade they can move somewhere else. That's the privilege they have.

7 days ago
1/1/01
Posts: 35815
I see a lot of "Shade privilege" in the responses to this thread...

Have fun resting in the shadows, hidden from the light, as People of Color are murdered underneath a white-hot sun!
Edited: 7 days ago
12/10/09
Posts: 17278

The earth’s temperature has increased 1.4 deg Fahrenheit in the last 140 years. So they are actually saying that this has caused life to be significantly worse for poor people than it was in 2004? This bullshit is why you just can’t take these idiots at their word. 

7 days ago
10/31/19
Posts: 150

Free umbrellas would be cheaper and provide the shade they need faster. But CA is where stupidity thrives and logic does a quick death.

7 days ago
5/20/19
Posts: 3160

White men love trees because they love to remind us brownies we can be hanging from them at any time!

Modern day gallows hidden in plain sight. 

7 days ago
1/25/04
Posts: 130349

LOL. We have it too good in this country

Edited: 7 days ago
1/1/01
Posts: 94140

7 days ago
12/18/07
Posts: 8252

Many trees in California were cut down so more cars can be parked on front lawns...

7 days ago
4/9/10
Posts: 9887

Damn white peoples and their 

 

*draws card from deck*

 

lack of direct sunlight!

7 days ago
1/1/01
Posts: 94143

Jinx will be shaming white people for years over this. He's so edgy!