High-level techniques displayed in Sambo vs. Judo fight

Friday, July 03, 2020

Sambo is a new martial art, created in the early twentieth century by the Soviet government, in order to create a unique combat system for the entire Soviet Union. For this purpose, the Russian government began an intense search to find techniques in martial arts that already existed in its territory and in foreign martial arts as well. Sambo is also an “acronym for “SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya” or “Self-defense without weapons”.

Many people can see some similarities between Sambo and Judo. The great influence of the Russian Judo was through Vasili Oshchepkov. He was one of the first foreign accepted by Jigoro Kano to train at the Kodokan (the first school of judo, founded in Japan). Anatoly Kharlampiev, one of his students, brought together the unpublished material of Oshchepkov and decided to publish, with a few changes. The book was published in 1940 with the title of “Freestyle Wrestling” and was considered the first official book of sambo in Russia.

Through the exchange of knowledge between Vasili Oshchepkov and Viktor Spiridonov, several other elements, such as punches, kicks, defense weapons, etc., were inserted in Sambo. However, the influence of Kodokan Judo under the Sambo founders is clear both historically and aesthetically, in the execution of sambo techniques until the present day.

In 1968, the International Federation of Associated Wrestling (FILA) has accepted Sambo as an international style of fighting, along with the Greco-Roman Wrestling and Wrestling -sports already established as Olympic. The style proposed by Oshchepkov is what most resembles the current sambo.

This video shows a street fight with some elements of both sports. They started with punches and the person in the orange shorts throws what appears to be an Ushiro-Goshi (judo), followed by an amazing suplex by the young man in red shorts, which keeps doing some incredible sambo throws. The fight continues with some knees, strikes, choke, and a leg lock attempt. [Source: Judo for self-defense]

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